Kurdish Separatists Movement in the Middle East
Chair: Jessica Norris
Co-Chair: Jenna Ingles
Crisis Directors: Lisa Maillard
Position Papers will be due to the Committee Email below on Tuesday, February 14th, 2017 by 11:59pm and should be no longer than one page per topic, single-spaced.
In order to be eligible for awards, delegates must submit position papers to the Dias.
Please take a look at the Position Paper Preparation Guide for further information and examples.
United Nations Security Council [CRISIS]
The Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations established on June 26, 1945. The Council consists of the five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States and ten non permanent members:
Bolivia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Senegal, Sweden, Ukraine,and Uruguay.
The main responsibility of the Security Council is to maintain international peace and security, and it convenes whenever peace is threatened. According to the Charter, the Council may: “set forth principles for parties to reach an agreement, undertake investigation and mediation, dispatch a mission, appoint special envoys, or request the Secretary-General to use his good offices to achieve a pacific settlement of the dispute.”
Beyond this, the Council may put forth ceasefire directives or dispatch peacekeeping forces. The council also has measures for enforcement, such as arms embargoes, severance of diplomatic relations, economic sanctions, travel bans, and even collective military action. The council must aim to hold those accountable for actions condemned by the international community, while normalizing the other parts of the population and economy.
The five permanent members have veto power, which allows them to block draft resolutions by voting against them. The Security Council was largely in a stalemate during the Cold War because the Soviet Union would use their veto power systematically to block resolutions. The Soviet Union left the Security Council for a short period protesting the recognition of Nationalist China.
The Security Council is the only organ of the UN that has the authority to make decisions that Member States are obligated to follow, rendering it perhaps the most effective body.
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